A Simple Guide On How To Grow Avocado Indoors And How To Harvest





Avocado is very delicious and nutritious at the same time so having them on your daily diet will make give you health benefits but have you ever thought that instead of buying them on the market why not plant some on your own? Yes, you can plant them quite easily by following the steps below.

Growing indoors
  • Indoors, an avocado tree is usually grown from the pit of an avocado fruit. 
  • This is often done by removing the pit from a ripe, unrefrigerated avocado fruit. 
  • The pit is then stabbed with three or four toothpicks, about one-third of the way up from the flat end. The pit is placed in a jar or vase containing tepid water. 
  • It should split in four to six weeks and yield roots and a sprout. 
  • If there is no change by this time, the avocado pit is discarded. 
  • Once the stem has grown a few inches, it is placed in a pot with soil. 
  • It should be watered every few days. Avocados have been known to grow large, so owners must be ready to re-pot the plant several times.
Diseases

P. Americana, avocado plant flowers
Avocado trees are vulnerable to bacterial, viral, fungal, and nutritional diseases (excesses and deficiencies of key minerals). Disease can affect all parts of the plant, causing spotting, rotting, cankers, pitting, and discoloration.

Harvest and post-harvest

Commercial orchards produce an average of seven tonnes per hectare each year, with some orchards achieving 20 tonnes per hectare. Biennial bearing can be a problem, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the next. The avocado tree does not tolerate freezing temperatures and can be grown only in subtropical or tropical climates. Several cold-hardy varieties are planted in the region of Gainesville, Florida, which survive temperatures as low as −6.5 °C (20 °F) with only minor leaf damage.

Like the banana, the avocado is a climacteric fruit, which matures on the tree, but ripens off the tree. Avocados used in commerce are picked hard and green and kept in coolers at 3.3 to 5.6 °C (37.9 to 42.1 °F) until they reach their final destination. Avocados must be mature to ripen properly. Avocados that fall off the tree ripen on the ground. Generally, the fruit is picked once it reaches maturity; Mexican growers pick 'Hass' avocados when they have more than 23% dry matter, and other producing countries have similar standards. Once picked, avocados ripen in one to two weeks (depending on the cultivar) at room temperature (faster if stored with other fruits such as apples or bananas, because of the influence of ethylene gas). Some supermarkets sell ripened avocados which have been treated with synthetic ethylene to hasten to ripen.

The use of an ethylene gas "ripening room", which is now an industry standard, was pioneered in the 1980s by farmer Gil Henry of Escondido, California, in response to footage from a hidden supermarket camera which showed shoppers repeatedly squeezing hard, unripe avocados, putting them "back in the bin," and moving on without making a purchase. In some cases, avocados can be left on the tree for several months, which is an advantage to commercial growers who seek the greatest return for their crop, but if the fruit remains unpicked for too long, it falls to the ground.

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Source: wikipedia

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A Simple Guide On How To Grow Avocado Indoors And How To Harvest A Simple Guide On How To Grow Avocado Indoors And How To Harvest Reviewed by Legit on 12:08 AM Rating: 5